We have to know what words mean when people claiming authority try to use Legal words to control us.
Legal dictionaries are different than regular dictionaries, because Legal words carry Weight in Law,
and are often defined completely differently within various Acts, Statutes, and Legal dictionaries.
It is literally another language, which is why they call it Legalese.
- book 723
Ballentine's Law Dictionary
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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
1 U.S.C. § 1 : US Code - Section 1: Words denoting number, gender, and so forth
In determining the meaning of any Act of Congress, unless the context indicates otherwise -
words importing the singular include and apply to several persons, parties, or things;
words importing the plural include the singular;
words importing the masculine gender include the feminine as well;
words used in the present tense include the future as well as the present;
the words "insane" and "insane person" and "lunatic" shall include every idiot, lunatic,
insane person, and person non compos mentis;
the words "person" and "whoever" include corporations, companies, associations, firms,
partnerships, societies, and joint stock companies, as well as individuals;
"officer" includes any person authorized by law to perform the duties of the office;
"signature" or "subscription" includes a mark when the person making the same intended it as such;
"oath" includes affirmation, and "sworn" includes affirmed;
"writing" includes printing and typewriting and reproductions of visual symbols by photographing,
multigraphing, mimeographing, manifolding, or otherwise.
To approve, as to allow a cost bill or claim; to permit or acquiesce in;
as to allow animals to run at large. 4 Am J2d Am § 116.
The words “allowed,” “acquiesced” and “permitted” imply no inducement or enticement,
and should be construed as creating a license.
See Karns v Trostel, 44 Ohio App 488, 186 NE 405
In International Law - As adj. and noun. Engaged in lawful war; a state so engaged.
In plural. A body of insurgents who by reason of their temporary organized government are regarded as
conducting lawful hostilities. Also, militia, corps of volunteers, and others, who although not part
of the regular army of the state, are regarded as lawful combatants provided they observe the laws of war;
4 H. C. 1907, arts, 1, 2." Bouvier's Law Dictionary
Process not conforming to law. Defective process.
Sometimes the term has been defined to mean process absolutely void, and not merely erroneous
and voidable, but usually, the term has been applied to all process not issued in strict conformity
with the law, whether the defects appear upon the face of the process, or by reference to extrinsic facts,
and whether such defects render the process absolutely void or only voidable.
Doe v Harter, 2 Ind 252, 253
Irregularity (Ballentine’s law dictionary page 182 (I)
A failure to follow appropriate and necessary rules of practice or procedure, omitting some act
essential to the due and orderly conduct of the action or proceeding, or doing it in an improper manner.
Sache v Gillette, 101 Minn 169, 112 NW 386.
A violation or non observance of established rules and practices.
State v ex rel. West v Des Moines, 96 Iowa 521, 65 NW 818.
The failure to observe that particular course of proceeding which, conformably with the practice
of the court, ought to have been observed in the case.
Griggs v Hanson, 86 Kan 632 121 P 1094.
Such a defect as consists either in omitting to do something that is necessary to the due and
orderly conduct of a suit, or doing it in an unseasonable time or improper manner.
Salter v Hilgen, 40 Wis 363, 365.
The word must be given a broad enough meaning to cover a case where the court has acted upon an
erroneous understanding of the facts. Such has been the practical construction placed upon it.
Cooper v Rhea, 82 Kan 109, 107 P 799.
A direct violation of a ordinance in regard to the manner in which a municipal corporation shall
enter into a contract is not a mere irregularity, but is a substantial defect rendered or entered
with a want of adherence to some prescribed rule or mode of procedure,
consisting either in omitting to do something that is necessary, or in doing it at an unreasonable
time or in an improper manner.
Murry v United Smelting Corp. (Mo) 263 SW2d 351.
A judgment which, for want of conformity to the course and practice of the courts, is subject
to vacation or reversal, but which may stand until vacated or reversed.
Stafford v Gallops, 123 NC 19, 31 SE 265.
Person And Natural Person Defined
Learn about your rights and duties as free & sovereign men (incl. women) at law vs.
the 'Acts', 'Statutes', 'Codes', 'Rules', 'Regulations' & 'By-Laws' that act on the
legal-fiction known as the "person".
Two key words that are re-defined in almost every Statute are the words "person" and "individual".
There are at least two "person" in law:
• A natural-person is a legal entity for the human-being.
• An artificial-person is a legal entity that is not a human being.
Furthermore, learn the difference between a people (a sovereign) and a citizen (a subject);
the difference between a republic and a democracy; the difference between courts of record
and courts not of record; the difference between superior courts and inferior courts;
the difference between common law and statutory law; and so much more.
Here is the often expressed understanding from the United States Supreme Court,
that "in common usage, the term "person" does not include the Sovereign,
statutes employing the word person are ordinarily construed to exclude the Sovereign."
Wilson v. Omaha Tribe, 442 U. S. 653, 667 (1979)
(quoting United States v. Cooper Corp., 312 U. S. 600, 604 (1941)).
See also United States v. Mine Workers, 330 U. S. 258, 275 (1947).